Twitter  Contently is launching a nonprofit arm to do investigative reporting nie.mn/1o3QFUD  
Nieman Journalism Lab
Pushing to the future of journalism — A project of the Nieman Foundation at Harvard
studentnewsroomcc

Steve Buttry: Students already consume news digital-first; student media should follow suit

“The choice for student media is simple: Slide into irrelevancy even faster than professional media that fail to adapt, or race into the digital future and help show them the way.”

Editor’s Note: It’s the start of the school year, which means students are returning to journalism programs around the country. As the media industry continues to evolve, how well is new talent being trained, and how well are schools preparing them for the real world?

We asked an array of people — hiring editors, recent graduates, professors, technologists, deans — to evaluate the job j-schools are doing and to offer ideas for how they might improve. Over the coming days, we’ll be sharing their thoughts with you. Here’s Steve Buttry, digital transformation editor for Digital First Media.

Students live digital-first lives. Student media need to become digital-first. They should consider and experiment with new approaches even more vigorously and daringly than professional media. But student journalists working for campus newspapers quickly mimic their elders’ fondness for working for a print product. The rush of seeing your byline in print crosses generational divides.

At two recent workshops, I showed student journalists in Texas why their student media are becoming digital-first. On a whiteboard in one workshop and a flip-chart sheet in the other, I drew four columns: print, broadcast, computer, and mobile.

I asked the students to tell me what media bring them their information about the world beyond friends, family, and faculty, placing each student’s percentages for each type of media in the four columns. Student journalists from the University of Texas-Arlington and Texas Christian University filled them in about the same: One would say 60 percent computer, 20 percent mobile, and 10 percent each print and broadcast; the next would say 60 percent mobile, 30 percent computer, 10 percent broadcast, 0 percentprint. The columns filled up with large numbers in the digital columns, small ones in the legacy columns.

The only TCU student who put 0 in the mobile column felt obliged to explain that she had a crappy old phone. No one felt a need to explain zeros in print or broadcast.

These were numbers for students who were considering careers in print and broadcast media, I noted to them. The numbers would be even more skewed toward digital for their peers who had never labored to put out a newspaper, never clipped out a story bearing their byline.

On an April consulting visit to TCU, I wandered one evening to a few campus buildings and saw stacks of that morning’s Daily Skiff unclaimed in several distribution racks. Earlier in the semester, when Fort Worth police arrested 16 students in a drug bust, coverage by TCU360.com brought 100,000 pageviews.

This year, I have consulted or trained with student media at UTA, TCU, and the University of Oregon on their conversion to digital-first operations. I’ll be training this fall at the University of Colorado, where student media are digital-only. I presume that other student media are making similar moves, but too many remain focused on publishing a daily newspaper and/or planning a daily broadcast, with the website in a secondary position. In that way, they are like too many professional media.

I have worked in professional print and broadcast operations where the tasks and culture of legacy media thwarted efforts at digital innovation. That’s unfortunate and damaging in professional news operations, where the audience and revenue streams from the legacy media provide some cover for resistance to change. But student media can find a prosperous future themselves as they show professional media how to make this difficult transition.

Student media are structured in different ways. Some are completely independent from the journalism school or university. Others have varying degrees of subsidy or governance from their university. Whatever the structure, student media have advantages that professional media don’t in experimenting in their pursuit of digital-first prosperity:

  • Some student media, such as those at UTA and TCU, receive funding from non-market sources, such as subsidies from student fees or university budgets.
  • Student media don’t have the high wage and salary structures of professional media.
  • Staff members move on naturally, so restructuring between semesters or school years is easier.
  • Student media shut down or slow down for summer and holiday breaks, giving convenient times for making huge changes.
  • Student media generally don’t have their own printing operations and their related costs.
  • Since most campus newspapers are free, student media leaders don’t get sidetracked by discussions of digital paywalls. (Though some are experimenting with paid access.)
  • If advertisers in student media want to reach the student audience, they should embrace the opportunity to advertise in student products geared for the digital audience, where students spend more time.
  • If advertisers just want to support the student venture, they can do that as effectively on digital media (and student sales reps can also sell the feel-good value of helping student media develop a successful model for the future).
  • A weekly or twice-weekly product can serve advertisers insistent on being in print.

I’m not sure which is the right digital-first approach for student media, but I like that we’re going to see a variety of experiments in the coming school year:

  • Oregon’s Emerald Media and UTA’s Shorthorn have cut their print frequency to bi-weekly and weekly, respectively. This forces a digital approach to daily news coverage and a rethinking of what the print product should be. The University of Georgia’s Red and Black took a similar move last year, though that experiment has been overshadowed recently by upheaval over the control and independence of the operation.
  • TCU is continuing its daily (Tuesday through Friday) print edition of the Skiff and weekly TCU News Now cable broadcast (with shorter daily updates). But one content team will produce all content first for TCU360, the student digital news operation launched last year. Print editors and news directors produce the newspaper and newscast from the digital content. TCU has also launched a web-only off-campus community-focused news operation, the109, covering the 76109 ZIP code, neighboring the campus.

I’m sure (and I hope) that other student newsrooms are experimenting this year with digital-first approaches.

On campuses everywhere, students have made the news-consumption transition swiftly, learning about their world on smartphones, tablets and laptop computers. The choice for student media is simple: Slide into irrelevancy even faster than professional media that fail to adapt, or race into the digital future and help show them the way.

Image from Matt Hintsa used under a Creative Commons license.

                                   
What to read next
nytimes-building-990-cc
Ken Doctor    
Is the rise of reader revenue stopping not long after it started?
  • http://twitter.com/adviserdavid David Simpson

    Mr. Buttry is clearly correct on the big picture, but it’s important to note that many college media operations are heavily reliant on print ad revenue because of pitiful institutional support. Print readership continues to be high enough to attract that revenue. Meanwhile, college media have the same challenges Mr. Buttry faces in converting growing digital audience into ad revenue. (Yes, small local businesses catering to students should embrace mobile/digital. But ask a college ad rep how that’s going.) Understaffed college media operations wind up thinking “print-first” and never get around to the desperately needed digital innovation. Advisers need to help change that, and one promising way is to designate digital staff (necessarily small at first). Demonstrating digital potential may then may help justify more institutional support, at least on more enlightened campuses.

  • DeclivitySnap
  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Dan-Kennedy/1813701 Dan Kennedy

    I’ve found that the student newspaper folks like print even more than us old farts. It’s the last place on earth where the print model still works: free distribution in convenient locations to a largely captive audience. I’ve encouraged several editors at least to think about what it would be like to drop print altogether, but I can’t say I’ve made any progress.

  • Ross Lawrence

    There are certainly some market advantages of student media like the author suggests (the long breaks, lower and/or non-existent salaries, etc.), but I’ve found there is one big deterrent to sweeping change: a lack of institutional memory. At first blush, you might think that’d help the process along. 

    But in my experience, it’s difficult enough for student journalists to wrap their heads around the sometimes-complex process of producing news, laying out a print edition, and maintaining a basic website. They have to learn all of this very quickly. And then on maybe a few months experience, they have to try to think strategically about their value proposition and the rapid transformation of an entire industry? 

    Not to be cynical, but that’s a pretty overwhelming challenge. It’s only in hindsight I can think about most of these issues with any coherence. Since our paper is independent of the university itself, we’ve tried to formalize the alumni support network a bit more to assist with these long-term issues. But you want the students to have ownership of it all as much as possible, so it’s tricky. 

  • http://twitter.com/amlikethewind amlikethewind

    If you think professional media still has a high wage and salary structure you have spent too much time on campus.
     

  • Jim Burns

    I agree, Dan, at Occidental College, the student editors are pretty vehement about the newspaper, as are their student peers.

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Dan-Kennedy/1813701 Dan Kennedy

    Although I should add that they did recently unveil a nice new website with responsive design: http://www.huntnewsnu.com.

  • Dan Reimold

    Interesting piece!  My response: http://collegemediamatters.com/2012/09/19/advantages-disadvantages-to-student-media-digital-experimentation-my-response-to-steve-buttry-report/

  • Jorge Jimenez

    In my opinion, the biggest challenge for Students´Media is to be a real media not only a college´s media. We try to work with real journalist in order to get training for our students and real experiencices: http://www.uemcom.es
    Congratulations for openning this international conversation!!