What are we missing? Is there a key link we skipped, or a part of the story we got wrong?
Let us know — we’re counting on you to help Encyclo get better.
Backfence was a network of user-driven hyperlocal news sites that launched in 2005 and closed in 2007.
Backfence was founded in 2005 by Mark Potts and Susan DeFife with five staff members and two community sites in the Washington, D.C., area. It raised $3 million in local and national investment and eventually expanded to 13 sites near Washington, Chicago, and San Francisco.
Backfence averaged about one full-time staff member per site, though its content came from users, who could blog, edit wikis or post photos there. The company was supported by self-service display and classified advertising. The site was considered at the time one of the bellwethers of the “citizen journalism” movement.
The UpTake is a nonprofit user-driven video news site based in St. Paul, Minn. The site trains people in video-based journalism and publishes their work, often using crowdsourced assignments. It was founded in 2007 by Chris Dykstra, Jason Barnett and Chuck Olsen. The UpTake receives its revenue from donations, as well as video licensing and…