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Key links:
Primary website:
foxnews.com
Primary Twitter:
@foxnews

Editor’s Note: Encyclo has not been regularly updated since August 2014, so information posted here is likely to be out of date and may be no longer accurate. It’s best used as a snapshot of the media landscape at that point in time.

Fox News Channel is an American cable news channel owned by Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp.

Since 2002, Fox News has been the highest-rated of America’s three primary cable news networks, ahead of MSNBC and CNN. Its audience size peaked in 2009, though it remains well ahead of its competitors. It earned $534.8 million in profits in 2009, up 19 percent from the previous year, and higher than either CNN or MSNBC.

Fox News has a staff of about 1,200 in about 20 bureaus. It launched the Fox Business Network, a cable news channel, in 2007.

Its best-known personalities include Bill O’Reilly, Glenn Beck, Sean Hannity, Shepard Smith, Mike Huckabee, and Greta Van Susteren.

Fox was founded in 1996 by Roger Ailes (who remains its head) and Rupert Murdoch as an antidote to what they saw as the mainstream media’s ideological and political bias.

Over the past decade, Fox has increasingly moved into opinion and analysis, in addition to news and original reporting. Fox is generally understood to have a conservative political outlook, something that has brought it both praise and criticism, the latter including accusations of being a mouthpiece of the Republican Party, as well as accusations of poor journalism. It has hired numerous current politicians as news analysts.

Recent surveys have found that Fox News is viewed as both the most trusted and most ideological of television news networks, with a sharp partisan divide on each issue.

Fox was among the 10 largest American news sites on the web as of April 2011, though its online audience is smaller than CNN’s or MSNBC’s.

In the mid-2000s, Fox’s site ranked relatively low in user interactivity, but Fox’s citizen journalism project uReport was launched in 2007 and became a partnership with News Corp.’s social network MySpace in 2009. In 2009, Fox launched the community-based political analysis site Fox Nation.

Fox News’ iPhone app was the most downloaded free iPhone news app in 2010, and it launched a free iPad app in June 2011.

Recent Nieman Lab coverage:
Aug. 17, 2017 / Laura Hazard Owen
“The center-right…is the least represented portion of the media spectrum” — A new report out of Harvard’s Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society shows that, during the 2016 U.S. presidential election, polarization in the media ecosystem was “distinctly asymmetric.” As...
Aug. 4, 2017 / Ken Doctor
Newsonomics: Nine midsummer lessons from a unique moment in press, and American, history — This hardly seems like a beachy, devil-may-care summer. Among fears of North Korean missiles, new Russian menace, and a highly unpredictable Administration, we are a nervous people. For the news media, it’s been a ...
June 21, 2017 / Richard Fletcher and Rasmus Kleis Nielsen
Using social media appears to diversify your news diet, not narrow it — Despite widespread fears that social media and other forms of algorithmically-filtered services (like search) lead to filter bubbles, we know surprisingly little about what effect social media have on people’s news...
May 26, 2017 / Laura Hazard Owen
Want to stop a spreading fake news story? Choose one of these four points of attack to fight back — The four key elements of a successful fake news story. 1. Emotional appeal 2. Veneer of authority: Story traces itself back to a leak or statement or something that supposedly happened. 3. Effective insertion point into ...
May 22, 2017 / Padraic Ryan
“Who’s your 4chan correspondent?” (and other questions Storyful thinks newsrooms should be asking after the French election) — Efforts by online activists didn’t stop Emmanuel Macron from winning the French presidential election, but they were further proof that campaigns of misinformation, smears, and targeted leaks are now part and parce...

Recently around the web, from Mediagazer:

Primary author: Mark Coddington. Main text last updated: March 27, 2014.
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