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Key links:
Primary website:
foxnews.com
Primary Twitter:
@foxnews

Editor’s Note: Encyclo has not been regularly updated since August 2014, so information posted here is likely to be out of date and may be no longer accurate. It’s best used as a snapshot of the media landscape at that point in time.

Fox News Channel is an American cable news channel owned by Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp.

Since 2002, Fox News has been the highest-rated of America’s three primary cable news networks, ahead of MSNBC and CNN. Its audience size peaked in 2009, though it remains well ahead of its competitors. It earned $534.8 million in profits in 2009, up 19 percent from the previous year, and higher than either CNN or MSNBC.

Fox News has a staff of about 1,200 in about 20 bureaus. It launched the Fox Business Network, a cable news channel, in 2007.

Its best-known personalities include Bill O’Reilly, Glenn Beck, Sean Hannity, Shepard Smith, Mike Huckabee, and Greta Van Susteren.

Fox was founded in 1996 by Roger Ailes (who remains its head) and Rupert Murdoch as an antidote to what they saw as the mainstream media’s ideological and political bias.

Over the past decade, Fox has increasingly moved into opinion and analysis, in addition to news and original reporting. Fox is generally understood to have a conservative political outlook, something that has brought it both praise and criticism, the latter including accusations of being a mouthpiece of the Republican Party, as well as accusations of poor journalism. It has hired numerous current politicians as news analysts.

Recent surveys have found that Fox News is viewed as both the most trusted and most ideological of television news networks, with a sharp partisan divide on each issue.

Fox was among the 10 largest American news sites on the web as of April 2011, though its online audience is smaller than CNN’s or MSNBC’s.

In the mid-2000s, Fox’s site ranked relatively low in user interactivity, but Fox’s citizen journalism project uReport was launched in 2007 and became a partnership with News Corp.’s social network MySpace in 2009. In 2009, Fox launched the community-based political analysis site Fox Nation.

Fox News’ iPhone app was the most downloaded free iPhone news app in 2010, and it launched a free iPad app in June 2011.

Peers, allies, & competitors:
Recent Nieman Lab coverage:
June 13, 2018 / Antonis Kalogeropoulos and Richard Fletcher
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Exiting the exit poll: The AP’s new plan for surveying voters after a not-so-hot 2016 — One hundred and seventy-four days remain until the United States’ midterm elections (902 until the next presidential election, but who’s counting) — which means there’s still time to “evolve” how polling is c...
Feb. 6, 2018 / Laura Hazard Owen
Crowdsourcing trusted news sources can work — but not the way Facebook says it’ll do it — On January 19, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg explained how the company planned to decide which news sources it would prioritize in the (now with less news!) News Feed. “We decided that having the community determine...
Dec. 5, 2017 / Shan Wang
#MAGA, Hannity, the Wendy’s chicken nuggets guy, and 2017’s other Twitter-topping people and topics — The Twitter of 2017 might best be remembered as the platform for the U.S. president’s morning complaints and (un)diplomatic sparring, followed by, nesting ground for Russian troll accounts. (Other notables: Uneven ...

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Primary author: Mark Coddington. Main text last updated: March 27, 2014.
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