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Key links:
Primary website:
knightfoundation.org
Primary Twitter:
@knightfdn

Editor’s Note: Encyclo has not been regularly updated since August 2014, so information posted here is likely to be out of date and may be no longer accurate. It’s best used as a snapshot of the media landscape at that point in time.

The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation is a national foundation that funds a variety of causes, including journalism projects and organizations.

The foundation was founded in 1950 by the Knight brothers, who owned the Ohio-based Knight Newspapers, which later became Knight Ridder.

Since 1950, the foundation has invested nearly $400 million in journalism through midcareer training programs, endowed journalism chairs at universities, newsroom diversity projects, high school journalism training, the International Center for Journalists, the Knight Citizen News Network, the Knight Digital Media Center, and many other initiatives.

In recent years, Knight has increased its funding interest in journalism innovation, most notably through the Knight News Challenge, but also through other efforts. In early 2011, Knight launched a four-year, $4.2 million “test kitchen” at Northwestern University’s Medill School of Journalism, for instance, and partnered with the nonprofit Mozilla Foundation to embed technology fellows in newsrooms, a partnership that was renewed in 2013. Knight regularly gives grants to new journalism projects and news organizations and in 2011 began investing in news projects with the Knight Enterprise Fund. It also launched a smaller, quicker way of funding news projects in 2012 with the Knight Prototype Fund. However, it generally does not provide ongoing funding for individual outlets.

The Knight Foundation also gives grants to more established organizations, such as grants in 2013 of $985,000 to TED to measure the impact of innovative ideas and $3.1 million to New York University to provide community technology training.

(The Knight Foundation provides funding to the Nieman Foundation and the Nieman Journalism Lab, including for the creation of Encyclo.)

Knight News Challenge

The foundation runs the Knight News Challenge, a five-year annual contest that awards startup grants to innovative news projects around the world. The challenge gave its first awards in 2007 and its fifth round in June 2011. After its initial five-year run ended, the foundation announced that the News Challenge would be continued with three annual contests starting in 2012. The first of those contests focused on networks and resulted in six awards, and the second contest focused on data.

Through 2010, the challenge has funded 50 projects for $23 million. Past winners include EveryBlock, Spot.Us, Ushahidi, DocumentCloud, Chi-Town Daily News, Gotham Gazette, Global Voices, and Spot.Us.

The foundation and News Challenge’s primary purpose is to fuel innovation in journalism, and they have done so by broadening their focus to include the broader information needs of communities as well. The News Challenge also represented a shift toward a more open and participatory process for the foundation. The foundation requires each winning News Challenge project to release its code as an open-source resource for other organizations.

A video on the Knight Foundation’s mission:

Recent Nieman Lab coverage:
Oct. 12, 2017 / Ricardo Bilton
With $440,000 in funding, MuckRock is expanding its mission to improve access to public records — Here’s something surprising about MuckRock, the nonprofit site created to increase access to public records: While the site was founded over seven years ago, neither one of its founders have been working on the pro...
Oct. 3, 2017 / Shan Wang
Work in a digital innovation role in local news, or trying to transform your newsroom? Use this new trove of free resources for publishers — Trying to launch a podcast and wondering what listener metrics to really focus on? Trying to create the best email newsletter to suit the pace of your newsroom? Trying to get creative with article formats but have limite...
Sept. 25, 2017 / Shan Wang
With $4.5 million, Knight is launching a new commission — and funding more new projects — to address declining public trust in media — A lot more resources are going into addressing the problem of the American public’s withering trust in media institutions. The Knight Foundation is doling out $2.55 million in new funding to support major projects ...
July 27, 2017 / Christine Schmidt
DocumentCloud will start asking some users to chip in as it leaves IRE for its own nonprofit — For six years, DocumentCloud has enabled journalists to upload, annotate, organize, and share primary source files with readers and embed them into articles. They’ve also been doing it free of charge, for everyone....
July 13, 2017 / Christine Schmidt
Conheça a ferramenta que facilita o jornalismo colaborativo — Jornalismo colaborativo é bom –até que você se perca em correntes de e-mails, páginas no Slack, e Google Drives. O Project Facet, criado por apenas uma mulher, espera mudar isso, e procura por colaboradores que pos...

Recently around the web, from Mediagazer:

Primary author: Mark Coddington. Main text last updated: October 17, 2013.
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