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Key links:
Primary website:
knightfoundation.org
Primary Twitter:
@knightfdn

Editor’s Note: Encyclo has not been regularly updated since August 2014, so information posted here is likely to be out of date and may be no longer accurate. It’s best used as a snapshot of the media landscape at that point in time.

The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation is a national foundation that funds a variety of causes, including journalism projects and organizations.

The foundation was founded in 1950 by the Knight brothers, who owned the Ohio-based Knight Newspapers, which later became Knight Ridder.

Since 1950, the foundation has invested nearly $400 million in journalism through midcareer training programs, endowed journalism chairs at universities, newsroom diversity projects, high school journalism training, the International Center for Journalists, the Knight Citizen News Network, the Knight Digital Media Center, and many other initiatives.

In recent years, Knight has increased its funding interest in journalism innovation, most notably through the Knight News Challenge, but also through other efforts. In early 2011, Knight launched a four-year, $4.2 million “test kitchen” at Northwestern University’s Medill School of Journalism, for instance, and partnered with the nonprofit Mozilla Foundation to embed technology fellows in newsrooms, a partnership that was renewed in 2013. Knight regularly gives grants to new journalism projects and news organizations and in 2011 began investing in news projects with the Knight Enterprise Fund. It also launched a smaller, quicker way of funding news projects in 2012 with the Knight Prototype Fund. However, it generally does not provide ongoing funding for individual outlets.

The Knight Foundation also gives grants to more established organizations, such as grants in 2013 of $985,000 to TED to measure the impact of innovative ideas and $3.1 million to New York University to provide community technology training.

(The Knight Foundation provides funding to the Nieman Foundation and the Nieman Journalism Lab, including for the creation of Encyclo.)

Knight News Challenge

The foundation runs the Knight News Challenge, a five-year annual contest that awards startup grants to innovative news projects around the world. The challenge gave its first awards in 2007 and its fifth round in June 2011. After its initial five-year run ended, the foundation announced that the News Challenge would be continued with three annual contests starting in 2012. The first of those contests focused on networks and resulted in six awards, and the second contest focused on data.

Through 2010, the challenge has funded 50 projects for $23 million. Past winners include EveryBlock, Spot.Us, Ushahidi, DocumentCloud, Chi-Town Daily News, Gotham Gazette, Global Voices, and Spot.Us.

The foundation and News Challenge’s primary purpose is to fuel innovation in journalism, and they have done so by broadening their focus to include the broader information needs of communities as well. The News Challenge also represented a shift toward a more open and participatory process for the foundation. The foundation requires each winning News Challenge project to release its code as an open-source resource for other organizations.

A video on the Knight Foundation’s mission:

Peers, allies, & competitors:
Recent Nieman Lab coverage:
March 28, 2017 / Jay Rosen
Jay Rosen: This is what a news organization built on reader trust looks like — At the kind of journalism conferences that I attend, Aron Pilhofer, who had key roles in the digital operations of The New York Times and The Guardian in recent years, has been asking a very good question: What if news o...
March 28, 2017 / Ken Doctor
“Slower structural developments that shape society”: A Q&A with De Correspondent editor Rob Wijnberg — Donald Trump’s election may have shocked half of the United States, but the rise of xenophobic nationalism is nothing new in Europe, where, since the Great Recession, nationalists have gained support across the con...
March 13, 2017 / Joseph Lichterman
Knight announces revamped Prototype Fund focused on misinformation and trust in media — The Knight Foundation spent most of the past year undertaking a planning process to figure out how to optimize its work for the next decade. As part of that effort, it took a year off from awarding grants from the Knight...
March 8, 2017 / Laura Hazard Owen
Have an idea for immersive storytelling in journalism? Your project could get up to $35,000 from a new fund — A new challenge from Journalism 360 — the initiative launched last fall by Google News Lab and the Online News Association in partnership with the Knight Foundation — is looking for ideas on how to advance journalism...
March 1, 2017 / Joseph Lichterman
Novo relatório: Jovens americanos têm uma definição abrangente daquilo que é notícia — Os jovens americanos têm uma concepção abrangente daquilo que é notícia, que vai além da produção noticiosa dos órgãos de comunicação tradicionais e que inclui informação recolhida nas redes sociais e conte...

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Primary author: Mark Coddington. Main text last updated: October 17, 2013.
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Encyclo is made possible by a grant from the Knight Foundation.
The Nieman Journalism Lab is a collaborative attempt to figure out how quality journalism can survive and thrive in the Internet age.
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