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Editor’s Note: Encyclo has not been regularly updated since August 2014, so information posted here is likely to be out of date and may be no longer accurate. It’s best used as a snapshot of the media landscape at that point in time.

The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation is a national foundation that funds a variety of causes, including journalism projects and organizations.

The foundation was founded in 1950 by the Knight brothers, who owned the Ohio-based Knight Newspapers, which later became Knight Ridder.

Since 1950, the foundation has invested nearly $400 million in journalism through midcareer training programs, endowed journalism chairs at universities, newsroom diversity projects, high school journalism training, the International Center for Journalists, the Knight Citizen News Network, the Knight Digital Media Center, and many other initiatives.

In recent years, Knight has increased its funding interest in journalism innovation, most notably through the Knight News Challenge, but also through other efforts. In early 2011, Knight launched a four-year, $4.2 million “test kitchen” at Northwestern University’s Medill School of Journalism, for instance, and partnered with the nonprofit Mozilla Foundation to embed technology fellows in newsrooms, a partnership that was renewed in 2013. Knight regularly gives grants to new journalism projects and news organizations and in 2011 began investing in news projects with the Knight Enterprise Fund. It also launched a smaller, quicker way of funding news projects in 2012 with the Knight Prototype Fund. However, it generally does not provide ongoing funding for individual outlets.

The Knight Foundation also gives grants to more established organizations, such as grants in 2013 of $985,000 to TED to measure the impact of innovative ideas and $3.1 million to New York University to provide community technology training.

(The Knight Foundation provides funding to the Nieman Foundation and the Nieman Journalism Lab, including for the creation of Encyclo.)

Knight News Challenge

The foundation runs the Knight News Challenge, a five-year annual contest that awards startup grants to innovative news projects around the world. The challenge gave its first awards in 2007 and its fifth round in June 2011. After its initial five-year run ended, the foundation announced that the News Challenge would be continued with three annual contests starting in 2012. The first of those contests focused on networks and resulted in six awards, and the second contest focused on data.

Through 2010, the challenge has funded 50 projects for $23 million. Past winners include EveryBlock, Spot.Us, Ushahidi, DocumentCloud, Chi-Town Daily News, Gotham Gazette, Global Voices, and Spot.Us.

The foundation and News Challenge’s primary purpose is to fuel innovation in journalism, and they have done so by broadening their focus to include the broader information needs of communities as well. The News Challenge also represented a shift toward a more open and participatory process for the foundation. The foundation requires each winning News Challenge project to release its code as an open-source resource for other organizations.

A video on the Knight Foundation’s mission:

Peers, allies, & competitors:
Recent Nieman Lab coverage:
Oct. 18, 2016 / Shan Wang
A changing of the guard at nonprofit MinnPost, a bright spot in sustainable, online local news — After nine full years dedicated to the site, MinnPost founders Joel and Laurie Kramer are officially handing over the reins today. The steadfast Minnesota-focused nonprofit, often named by observers of digital local news...
Oct. 17, 2016 / Ricardo Bilton
The New School is expanding its journalism-plus-design model nationwide with funding from Knight — The New School launched its Design + Journalism undergraduate degree program two years ago with an ambitious, yet straightforward mission: to teach journalists to think like designers — and vice versa — in the hope...
Sept. 15, 2016 / Joseph Lichterman
Knight and other foundations support a local news and student journalism fund at ONA — Five foundations on Thursday said they were continuing to support a program administered by the Online News Association which provides grants of up to $35,000 to universities to conduct experiments in journalism educatio...
Sept. 9, 2016 / Shan Wang
U.S. newsrooms seem to be getting a little more diverse. But minority journalists are still, well, a minority — There appear to be a few promising signs in this year’s American Society of News Editors Diversity Survey, which was released Friday. Seventeen percent of employees at print dailies and 23 percent at digital only s...
Sept. 1, 2016 / Joseph Lichterman
How Boston’s WBUR is trying to build new structures for continuous innovation in public radio — Last year, Carey Goldberg, the editor of Boston public radio station WBUR’s health blog CommonHealth, put together four pilot episodes of an exercise podcast. “Exercise is good for every organ, it lowers the ...

Recently around the web, from Mediagazer:

Primary author: Mark Coddington. Main text last updated: October 17, 2013.
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Encyclo is made possible by a grant from the Knight Foundation.
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