An oral history of the epic collision between journalism and digital technology, 1980 to the present

A project of the Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy, designed by the Nieman Journalism Lab

An oral history of the epic collision between journalism and digital technology, from 1980 to the present
For most of the 20th century, any list of America’s wealthiest families would include quite a few publishers generally considered to be in the “news business”: the Hearsts, the Pulitzers, the Sulzbergers, the Grahams, the Chandlers, the Coxes, the Knights, the Ridders, the Luces, the Bancrofts — a tribute to the fabulous business model that once delivered the country its news. While many of those families remain wealthy today, their historic core businesses are in steep decline (or worse), and their position at the top of the wealth builders has long since been eclipsed by people with other names: Gates, Page and Brin and Schmidt, Zuckerberg, Bezos, Case, and Jobs — builders of digital platforms that, while not specifically targeted at the “news business,” have nonetheless severely disrupted it.

The precipitous fall of the industry that produces what we have come to call quality journalism — that is, independently reported, verified, branded information published or broadcast by institutions prepared to “stand by their stories” despite pressures from commercial or government interests — is hardly a fresh subject. Tens of thousands of articles, books, research papers, and documentaries have been devoted to the topic.

Not surprisingly, the press hasn’t treated this story like just any other industrial disruption. With newspaper news jobs down by 30 percent in little more than a decade, this issue hits as close to home as possible for journalists. More importantly, some go so far as to argue the disruption is so profound that it threatens the future of democracy itself.

Reasonable people can — and do — debate whether the replacement of legacy media by new forms of information gathering and distribution — including citizen journalism and smartphone photojournalism, crowdsourcing, universal access to data and, of course, a world awash in Twitter feeds — makes democracy more or less vulnerable.

KEEP READING  

Three veterans of digital journalism and media — John Huey, Martin Nisenholtz, and Paul Sagan — interviewed dozens of people who played important roles in the intersection of media and technology — from CEOs to coders, journalists to disruptors.

Riptide is the result: more than 50 hours of video interviews and a narrative essay that traces the evolution of digital news from early experiments to today. It’s what really happened to the news business.

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Our interview subjects
chris-cox
Mike-Perlis1
doc-searls
henry-blodget
arianna-huffington
john-harris
julius-genachowski
david-graves
arthur-sulzberger
ken-richieri
clay-christensen
eric-schmidt
donald-graham
merrill-brown
tim-armstrong
Will India Meet Global Expectations?:
roger-fidler
nick-denton
interview_still
ted-leonsis
michael-sippey
will-hearst
walter-isaacson
8255KR01
chloe-sladden
tim-berners-lee
mike-moritz
nick-negroponte
gordon-crovitz
scott-woelfel
steve-newhouse
P1260656
chris-schroeder
betsy-morgan
matt-mullenweg
dick-costolo
jeff-jarvis
dave-winer
alan-spoon
bob-november
scott-kurnit
jonah-peretti
krishna-bharat
richard-gingras
POLITICO Executive Editor Jim VandeHei. John Shinkle/Politico
michael-kinsley
harry-motro
caroline-little
om-malik
art-kern
gerald-levin
lewis-dvorkin
rob-grimshaw
marty-baron
andrew-sullivan
Justin Smith
john-battelle
martin-nisenholtz
david-bradley
steve-case
Larry Kramer