Earlier this year, Media Cloud announced a contest to find new creative research projects that could take advantage of the platform, giving users access to “a range of Media Cloud tools — including Dashboard, Controversy Mapper, and the Media Cloud API — as well as to our searchable archive of 280 million stories collected from U.S. and international online media over the past 7 years.”
Julia Wejchert and Katherine Ida were interested in breaking down how stories connected to abortion are visualized in the media:
They downloaded thousands of stories about the abortion debate using the Media Cloud tool, then hand-coded the images that appeared in each story, discovering that news articles about abortion rarely show the people most likely to be having abortions. Instead, the visuals of these articles illustrate abortion as an issue about politics, not about patients.
Eric Enrique Borja and a team from the University of Texas used Media Cloud to examine coverage of protests in Ferguson and Baltimore connected to the Black Lives Matter movement. Following the deaths of Michael Brown and Freddie Gray, they wanted to see if stories connected to the protests contained negative or positive framing:
In both waves of Ferguson protest, Borja sees comparable levels of positive and negative framing. Many stories invoke rioting and looting, but there is also discussion of activists, civil rights, uprisings, protests and demonstrations. By the second wave of Ferguson protests, the negative frame is increasing in power. In Baltimore, there’s a massive disparity between positive and negative frames: there is virtually no media coverage of the events after Freddie Gray’s death that refers to protest, and massive coverage of riots and violence.
Kate Mays and Karin Seth of the Emerging Media Studies program at Boston University retrieved 8,000 stories from Media Cloud, and tracked hashtags around the U.S. Supreme Court’s same-sex marriage decision in June.
Mays and Seth find that two narratives ended up dominating the debate after the Supreme Court decision. Those who favored the decision saw it as a civil rights victory, while those who did not invoked the first amendment’s protections of religious freedom to assert a right not to recognize these marriages. They also found extensive evidence that the US decision was influential in an international context, invoked in discussions in Australia and other countries making judicial and legislative decisions around equal marriage.
If you’re interested in Media Cloud and would like to get access for your own research, you can find out more here.
The E.W. Scripps–operated WCPO.com is moving in on Cincinnati.com’s turf, though both outlets ultimately see the competition as driving richer, deeper journalism for the city and the greater Cincinnati region.
When we first previewed the app a few weeks ago, the Journal’s chief innovation officer Edward Roussel said the app was one of the company’s many new efforts to “think digital” and “think mobile,” in order to attract — and retain — subscribers.
“This is the first WSJ product truly for mobile,” Roussel said. “Twenty years ago, we were shoehorning the newspaper into web. In 2007, we began shoehorning that into a mobile device. And now mobile is becoming dominant — that’s the premise.”
An accompanying (mobile-optimized) morning briefing, which highlights in more detail “what to watch” for the morning and “what you missed” lives online and encourages readers to download the app or subscribe to the Journal.
When Twitter shut down the U.S. version of Politwoops, a site that archived American politicians’ deleted tweets, in June, it seemed likely that the 30 other such sites worldwide would eventually get the ax as well. Now that has happened: Over the weekend, the Open State Foundation, which ran the non-U.S. versions of Politwoops and Diplotwoops, reported that Twitter has suspended API access for all of those accounts as well.
In its post announcing the news, the Open State Foundation included some of the rationale that Twitter provided:
Twitter said that its decision to suspend access to Politwoops followed a ‘thoughtful internal deliberation and close consideration of a number of factors’ and that it doesn’t distinguish between users. Twitter wrote: ‘Imagine how nerve-racking — terrifying, even — tweeting would be if it was immutable and irrevocable? No one user is more deserving of that ability than another. Indeed, deleting a tweet is an expression of the user’s voice.’
Arjan El Fassed, Open State Foundation director, said in a statement:
What elected politicians publicly say is a matter of public record. Even when tweets are deleted, it’s part of parliamentary history. These tweets were once posted and later deleted. What politicians say in public should be available to anyone. This is not about typos but it is a unique insight on how messages from elected politicians can change without notice.
A Twitter spokesperson gave me the following statement:
The ability to delete one’s Tweets — for whatever reason — has been a long-standing feature of Twitter for all users. We built into our Developer Policy provisions a requirement that those accessing our APIs delete content that Twitter reports as deleted or expired.
From time to time, we come upon apps or solutions that violate that policy. Recently, we identified several services that used the feature we built to allow for the deletion of tweets to instead archive and highlight them. We subsequently informed these services of their noncompliance and suspended their access to our APIs.
We take our commitment to our users seriously and will continue to defend and respect our users’ voices in our product and platform.
As Nieman Lab’s Joshua Benton noted in June, Twitter initially gave Politwoops a journalistic exception to this “deleted or expired” content rule when the Sunlight Foundation launched the U.S. site in 2012. “We explained the goals of the project and agreed to create a human curation workflow to ensure that the site screened out corrected low-value tweets like typos, links and Twitter handles,” Christopher Gates, Sunlight Foundation president, wrote in June. “We implemented this layer of journalistic judgment with blessings from Twitter and the site continued.” Now, it seems, the human-added value exception no longer applies.
The affected countries:
The list of countries where Twitter blocked Politwoops includes Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, Croatia, Denmark, Portugal, Egypt, Estonia, France, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, South Korea, Macedonia, Norway, Belgium, United Kingdom, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, Spain and Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey and the Vatican. It also includes members of the European Parliament.
The @PolitwoopsEU account is completely suspended. Other accounts, such as Politwoops UK, were still up and running on Twitter Monday but weren’t able to post new deleted tweets.
This post was updated on Monday afternoon with Twitter’s statement and some more information.
Dan Reimold, a journalism professor whose site College Media Matters was a go-to source for news and smart thinking about how college journalism is changing, has died. He was 34. From a release by the College Media Association:
What Jim Romenesko did for professional media, Dan Reimold did for college media through his popular blog College Media Matters. He covered the students who were covering their campuses, and he consistently legitimized an often-overlooked area of journalism. When collegiate media was facing budget cuts, publication thefts and other threats, he shed light on their struggles.
Reimold was an assistant professor of journalism at St. Joseph’s University in Philadelphia, where he advised The Hawk student newspaper and taught basic and advanced journalism classes.
“Losing Dan is a huge blow to College Media Association and Associated Collegiate Press, but also to college media in general,” said Kelley Callaway, vice president of member services for College Media Association, of which Reimold was an active member. “He was energetic, funny, innovative and engaging. His loss is a personal and professional one.”
In the last few years, Reimold drew large crowds to his blog, but also to his sessions at college media conventions and other workshops and conferences throughout the country. His hackathon, based on his book “Journalism of Ideas” routinely brought in 100+ students during evening hours, not an easy task in places like New York and New Orleans. His energy and enthusiasm for seeking out the quirky, untold stories on college campuses encouraged attendees to explore those stories at their own schools.
Reimold was known for successfully bridging the gap between collegiate journalism and academics, publishing scholarly articles in College Media Review and Newspaper Research Journal and journalistic pieces for USA Today and The Huffington Post. Reimold was the Campus Beat columnist for USA TODAY College and maintained a monthly column on the student press for Poynter.
His textbook, Journalism of Ideas: Brainstorming, Developing, and Selling Stories in the Digital Age, was published in spring 2013 by Routledge. His first book on college media, Sex and the University: Celebrity, Controversy, and a Student Journalism Revolution, was published in fall 2010 by Rutgers University Press. He also had recently begun holding weekly Twitter chats about college media.
“He was undisputedly the foremost scholar on college media today,” said CMA President Rachele Kanigel. “I can’t think of another person who came close to his stature in the field. His independent news site College Media Matters was the go-to spot for all news about college media and his writings were widely cited by journalism educators and researchers.”
“We know how much Dan loved what he did and loved being part of the college media world,” [Dan’s brother] Zach told ACP. Zach said his brother suffered an accident in his Wynnewood, Pa. apartment. Details about funeral arrangements will be posted as they become available. In the meantime, Zach and his parents ask for privacy.
“Dan was incisive, inquisitive, and passionate about his students and the First Amendment. He had the rare gift of being able to get people to laugh out loud and learn at the same time,” said Diana Mitsu Klos, ACP executive director.
Millennials of all races and ethnicities are about as likely to use Facebook as a source for news, but African Americans and Hispanics between the ages of 18 and 34 are more likely than their white peers to use Instagram and YouTube as news sources, according to a survey released today by the American Press Institute.
Thirty-eight percent of Hispanic millennials and 33 percent of African-American millennials said they get news from YouTube at least once a day, compared to 20 percent of their white peers. Similarly, 45 percent of African Americans said they used Instagram to get news at least once a day, while 30 percent of Hispanics and 19 percent of white millennials said the same.
Facebook is a common news source among all millennials, with more than half of all three subgroups accessing news on Facebook daily, the survey found.
Millennials also tend to use Facebook in similar ways, as the survey found that African Americans, Hispanics, and whites tend to read or watch stories, like stories, and share stories at similar rates. The only major difference the survey found was that African Americans are more likely to comment on news stories they see on Facebook: 48 percent of African Americans responded that they regularly comment on news stories, compared to 30 percent of whites and 29 percent of Hispanics.
The survey asked respondents about how they follow 24 different news topics, and the researchers found significant differences for nine of those topics among different races and ethnicities:
African American Millennials report following some lifestyle topics at higher rates than their peers. Overall, 35 percent of Millennials follow news about celebrities or pop culture. However, 56 percent of African Americans say they follow this type of news, about double the proportions of whites (29 percent) and Hispanics (28 percent) who say they follow this type of news. Similarly, just 26 percent of Millennials follow news about style, beauty, and fashion. Yet half of African Americans do so, making them about twice as likely as Hispanics (26 percent) and nearly three times as likely as whites (18 percent) to follow these topics.
EncuentrosMortales.org, the counterpart to the English-language FatalEncounters.org, wants to provide a comprehensive national database of undocumented immigrants killed through interactions with law enforcement.
A study published last month confirmed what we already know: Americans across all demographics are increasingly getting their news from Facebook and Twitter. Nearly two-thirds of Facebook and Twitter users saying they use those social platforms to get news, with Twitter users particularly using it for breaking news.
But how are these users actually using the platform? How do they share news and what accounts do they follow? A new Pew snapshot susses out a few different behaviors. Not all Twitter users tweet about the news, for instance, but for those who do, nearly half their tweets on average were news-related.
When posting about news, users were more likely to retweet than write an original post. On average, news media accounts made up about 9 percent of the accounts these users followed — but tweets from these accounts constituted 23 percent of these users’ feeds.
Of these news-tweeters sampled, the most popular topics were entertainment, sports, and then government and politics:
These findings come from a small but “representative” sample: for this study, Pew followed the Twitter activity of 176 U.S. adults with publicly accessible handles during a random four-week period between August 2014 and February 2015. Its survey suggests that many Twitter users are still just sporadic posters, with most in the 176-person sample tweeting just a few times a week or less.
The full post is available here with an explanation of the methodology and the study’s limitations.
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