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Key links:
Primary website:
foxnews.com
Primary Twitter:
@foxnews

Editor’s Note: Encyclo has not been regularly updated since August 2014, so information posted here is likely to be out of date and may be no longer accurate. It’s best used as a snapshot of the media landscape at that point in time.

Fox News Channel is an American cable news channel owned by Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp.

Since 2002, Fox News has been the highest-rated of America’s three primary cable news networks, ahead of MSNBC and CNN. Its audience size peaked in 2009, though it remains well ahead of its competitors. It earned $534.8 million in profits in 2009, up 19 percent from the previous year, and higher than either CNN or MSNBC.

Fox News has a staff of about 1,200 in about 20 bureaus. It launched the Fox Business Network, a cable news channel, in 2007.

Its best-known personalities include Bill O’Reilly, Glenn Beck, Sean Hannity, Shepard Smith, Mike Huckabee, and Greta Van Susteren.

Fox was founded in 1996 by Roger Ailes (who remains its head) and Rupert Murdoch as an antidote to what they saw as the mainstream media’s ideological and political bias.

Over the past decade, Fox has increasingly moved into opinion and analysis, in addition to news and original reporting. Fox is generally understood to have a conservative political outlook, something that has brought it both praise and criticism, the latter including accusations of being a mouthpiece of the Republican Party, as well as accusations of poor journalism. It has hired numerous current politicians as news analysts.

Recent surveys have found that Fox News is viewed as both the most trusted and most ideological of television news networks, with a sharp partisan divide on each issue.

Fox was among the 10 largest American news sites on the web as of April 2011, though its online audience is smaller than CNN’s or MSNBC’s.

In the mid-2000s, Fox’s site ranked relatively low in user interactivity, but Fox’s citizen journalism project uReport was launched in 2007 and became a partnership with News Corp.’s social network MySpace in 2009. In 2009, Fox launched the community-based political analysis site Fox Nation.

Fox News’ iPhone app was the most downloaded free iPhone news app in 2010, and it launched a free iPad app in June 2011.

Peers, allies, & competitors:
Recent Nieman Lab coverage:
Nov. 19, 2020 / Laura Hazard Owen
How much political news do people see on Facebook? I went inside 173 people’s feeds to find out — What do people see in their Facebook feeds? How much news do they encounter there — from legitimate outlets or from those known for sowing misinformation? Are most people’s accounts cesspools of fake news and gar...
Nov. 4, 2020 / Nieman Lab Staff
Bad polls, fake news, and that damned needle: Here’s how the media covered a twisty Election Night — That was quite a ride, wasn’t it? Or, rather, this election is quite a ride, given that it’s still going on. The quadrennial media rituals — “too early to call,” a sudden awareness of the nation...
Oct. 29, 2020 / Sarah Scire
Covid-19 has hit newspaper companies hard, but revenue at Fox News and local TV companies rose — The economic consequences of Covid-19 have not been distributed equally. It turns out this is true for news organizations, too. A new Pew Research Center report finds that the pandemic has hit some media sectors — name...
Sept. 29, 2020 / Curd Knüpfer and Robert Mathew Entman
Fox News uses the word “hate” much, much more often than MSNBC or CNN — Fox News is up to five times more likely to use the word “hate” in its programming than its main competitors, according to our new study of how cable news channels use language. Fox particularly uses the term when ex...
Sept. 2, 2020 / Hanaa' Tameez
The Stanford Cable TV News Analyzer lets you analyze who and what gets airtime — While the use of local TV for news is declining, cable news is growing: Audience and revenue for Fox News, MSNBC, and CNN are all up this year. So which stories, and people, are getting the most airtime? Thanks to the St...

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Primary author: Mark Coddington. Main text last updated: March 27, 2014.
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