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Key links:
Primary website:
foxnews.com
Primary Twitter:
@foxnews

Editor’s Note: Encyclo has not been regularly updated since August 2014, so information posted here is likely to be out of date and may be no longer accurate. It’s best used as a snapshot of the media landscape at that point in time.

Fox News Channel is an American cable news channel owned by Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp.

Since 2002, Fox News has been the highest-rated of America’s three primary cable news networks, ahead of MSNBC and CNN. Its audience size peaked in 2009, though it remains well ahead of its competitors. It earned $534.8 million in profits in 2009, up 19 percent from the previous year, and higher than either CNN or MSNBC.

Fox News has a staff of about 1,200 in about 20 bureaus. It launched the Fox Business Network, a cable news channel, in 2007.

Its best-known personalities include Bill O’Reilly, Glenn Beck, Sean Hannity, Shepard Smith, Mike Huckabee, and Greta Van Susteren.

Fox was founded in 1996 by Roger Ailes (who remains its head) and Rupert Murdoch as an antidote to what they saw as the mainstream media’s ideological and political bias.

Over the past decade, Fox has increasingly moved into opinion and analysis, in addition to news and original reporting. Fox is generally understood to have a conservative political outlook, something that has brought it both praise and criticism, the latter including accusations of being a mouthpiece of the Republican Party, as well as accusations of poor journalism. It has hired numerous current politicians as news analysts.

Recent surveys have found that Fox News is viewed as both the most trusted and most ideological of television news networks, with a sharp partisan divide on each issue.

Fox was among the 10 largest American news sites on the web as of April 2011, though its online audience is smaller than CNN’s or MSNBC’s.

In the mid-2000s, Fox’s site ranked relatively low in user interactivity, but Fox’s citizen journalism project uReport was launched in 2007 and became a partnership with News Corp.’s social network MySpace in 2009. In 2009, Fox launched the community-based political analysis site Fox Nation.

Fox News’ iPhone app was the most downloaded free iPhone news app in 2010, and it launched a free iPad app in June 2011.

Peers, allies, & competitors:
Recent Nieman Lab coverage:
March 23, 2021 / Hanaa' Tameez
Fox News appeals to a diverse viewership, while Newsmax and OAN tend to attract older, white men — Fox News reaches nearly half of American adults and over 60 percent of Republican-leaning adults, according to a new Pew Research Center report. The study surveyed 12,045 American adults between March 8 and March 14, 202...
Feb. 9, 2021 / Stephen Cushion
Two new TV channels stoke fears of more partisan broadcast journalism in the UK — The imminent arrival of two new current affairs channels is fueling heated debate about the future direction of broadcast journalism in the U.K. GB News is chaired by former newspaper editor and BBC presenter Andrew Neil...
Jan. 5, 2021 / Luke Winkie
Trump’s presidency is ending. Is the reign of Newsmax and OAN just beginning? — There is nothing more beguiling than a lame duck One America News Network (OAN) segment. Everything about it feels slightly ersatz. The anchors sit in dreamlike green screen sets, hair perfectly coiffed, as they update t...
Nov. 19, 2020 / Laura Hazard Owen
How much political news do people see on Facebook? I went inside 173 people’s feeds to find out — What do people see in their Facebook feeds? How much news do they encounter there — from legitimate outlets or from those known for sowing misinformation? Are most people’s accounts cesspools of fake news and gar...
Nov. 4, 2020 / Nieman Lab Staff
Bad polls, fake news, and that damned needle: Here’s how the media covered a twisty Election Night — That was quite a ride, wasn’t it? Or, rather, this election is quite a ride, given that it’s still going on. The quadrennial media rituals — “too early to call,” a sudden awareness of the nation...

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Primary author: Mark Coddington. Main text last updated: March 27, 2014.
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