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Nieman Journalism Lab
Pushing to the future of journalism — A project of the Nieman Foundation at Harvard

How one newspaper is adjusting to life without the Associated Press

The list of major newspapers that have announced their divorce from the Associated Press is substantial: the Star Tribune in Minneapolis, the New York Daily News, the Tribune papers in L.A., Chicago, and elsewhere. And others are mulling their options.

But AP rules require a member newspaper to give two years’ advance notice before leaving the cooperative — so the papers that have decided in recent months to jump ship haven’t yet had to live without AP content. (Or, for that matter, AP costs.)

In the comments on one of our posts, I heard about one paper that had already cut AP entirely out of its pages: The Norwalk Reflector, a 9,000-circ daily between Toledo and Cleveland in northern Ohio. Publisher Andy Prutsok decided two years ago, shortly after taking office, to drop out of AP, which was costing the paper $48,000 a year.

The two-year mark eventually passed, and the switch became official about three weeks ago. He says he hasn’t gotten a single complaint from readers about it — and that his readers expect local news from their local newspaper, not national or international headlines. If they want news from far beyond Huron County, they have other options.

Admittedly, what a 9,000-circ paper draws from AP’s services is very different from what a huge paper like The Chicago Tribune does. But I was still curious how the transition had worked out so far in Norwalk. I interviewed Prutsok over email; the transcript is below.

Q: What were the factors that led you to pulling out of AP?

Prutsok: For me it was my history. I came out of the Boone Newspaper Group, based in Tuscaloosa, Ala. A great organization of mostly small dailies (under 10,000) and some weeklies. The papers were generally highly leveraged or at least operated as such and we just felt AP was a luxury, in many cases one we couldn’t afford or didn’t really need. People didn’t read the Suffolk (Va.) News-Herald or the Clanton (Ala.) Advertiser for national and world news. The Norfolk and Birmingham papers were in racks every place we were and if that’s what people wanted they had access to much more of it for the same price. We considered our franchise to be 100 percent local news.

I brought the same thinking with me to Norwalk when I came here late in 2006, plus I detest two-year outs on contracts and find it offensive. I will not sign anything like that. In early 2007 I canceled our AP contract as a matter of routine. Advertising was still reasonably strong at the time and it wasn’t really a cost-cutting issue. But I could tell things were getting screwy out there and wanted to have my options open when the time came.

As things turned out, our economy turned way south — Huron County, Ohio, our home, had an unemployment rate of 18.3% in January, the worst in Ohio, and that’s about as bad as it gets. So not renewing was really a no-brainer. If I could cut $48,000 off my bottom line, why not?

Q: What kind of changes did you have to make to the paper to make up for the absence of AP content?

Prutsok: Really about the only change we made was a redesign of our front page to eliminate some national briefs we were running in our rail. AP copy was only used as filler otherwise. The only concern we had was agate and we found we were able to get that through PA Sportsticker out of New York. Actually, they have a superior agate package than what we were receiving from AP. We have encountered some formatting issues (we’re only a few weeks into this), but our IT folks are working on it and I’m sure we’ll have it straightened out. We also subscribe to the McClatchy-Tribune wire, MCT Direct. The total cost of the two reduces our monthly wire costs by 67 percent.

Q: What AP services are you missing the most?

Prutsok: I just spoke with our news editor about this and there’s really nothing. It was easy, he said, when there was a three-inch hole to fill to go to AP and flow it in. It’s not much more difficult with what we have now, just a change in habits.

Q: What’s been the reaction from your readers so far?

Prutsok: No reaction. It’s a bigger deal to us than it is to them. Our readers couldn’t care less if we carry the same news that they can get off the evening news.

Q: In my interview with Ron Royhab, we talked briefly about the prospect of the Ohio News Organization selling access to its papers’ stories to other, smaller outlets like yours. Is that something you could see The Reflector buying (assuming the price was right)?

Prutsok: We would be interested, but it would depend on price. Via MCT Direct, we have access to a considerable amount of Ohio content. Apparently all papers that buy MCT Direct have to let MCT pull from their stories and then all can use. It would need to be less expensive than what we are paying MCT.

Photo of downtown Norwalk by Seth Gaines.

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  • MichaelJ

    Just a thanks to all at Nieman who have been posting these kinds of interviews. They are invaluable.

  • John Zhu

    I think this part from Prutsok’s first answer is the key:

    “People didn’t read the Suffolk (Va.) News-Herald or the Clanton (Ala.) Advertiser for national and world news. The Norfolk and Birmingham papers were in racks every place we were and if that’s what people wanted they had access to much more of it for the same price. We considered our franchise to be 100 percent local news.”

    Going beyond just the issue of using AP, this gets at the heart of what newspapers have been, currently are, and will/should become. If you’ve never really provided a particular thing, then your readership never expects it. In the case of the tiny dailies, they’ve never provided substantial world/national or even regional news, their readers don’t expect it from them, so they don’t have that obligation to do so and can drop AP entirely without much of a ripple. I suspect that if the larger, regional papers dropped their AP, readers would notice and there would be a reaction, likely negative. Such papers have traditionally played the role of the newspaper of record for their region and a provider of national news for their readers, even if it is just national news from AP. So when/if they do cut that out of their content, then it will be perceived as their offering a lesser product.

    Apply that to things other than wire copy, and it’s the same concept: If you’ve never covered anything aside from local government, you won’t feel obliged to. If you’ve never covered that school 15 miles outside of town, you won’t be expected to start now. Your core readers will not miss what they never got from you.

    That’s why I think it’s difficult for established, sizable papers to adopt a “we don’t have to cover everything” mentality, because that has been their identity. So if they back away from that, then they would be perceived as offering a lesser product. If I were to start a news company right now, I would do everything I can to avoid taking on that identity.

  • Update

    As of March 5th, PA SportsTicker is now owned by the Associated Press.

  • Joshua Benton

    Mr./Ms. Update, that’s interesting. I knew they had been bought by STATS, as I linked in the piece, but I didn’t realize STATS is partially owned by AP (the other portion being News Corp.).

  • AndyP

    This from Stats’ site: “STATS is owned jointly by the Associated Press and News Corporation, with corporate offices in London, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Beijing, Bangalore, Dubai, Mexico City, Chicago, New York and Los Angeles.”

  • Vin Crosbie

    Nothing new here. The Chronicle, a 9,000-circulation, six day per week newspaper in Willimantic, Connecticut, dropped the AP in 2000, replacing it with LAT-WP and Reuters, and has been publishing fine ever since.
    [disclaimer: I'm on its board of directors]

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  • barie

    I believe more papers and the internet will do away with A/P they are only a bell ringer and faux news for the liberal/Democrate left wings of our society.