Journalism grapples with its class problem

“This is a problem because people from such similar socioeconomic backgrounds often share the same cultural outlook and the same blind spots.”

It’s no secret that the demographics of America’s journalists don’t match those of the general population. To take two prominent examples, people with left-wing political views are overrepresented and people of color are underrepresented.

But while those issues have received lots of attention over the years, another has gone somewhat unnoticed: that of social class.

Journalists, especially at national news outlets, come disproportionately from well-off families, large metropolitan areas, and top-tier universities. This is a problem because people from such similar socioeconomic backgrounds often share the same cultural outlook and the same blind spots. Their prevalence at leading news organizations also fuels the perception that journalists are haughty elitists. (Full disclosure: As someone who grew up in an affluent suburb and graduated debt-free from an Ivy League college, I’m part of the problem.)

Awareness of journalism’s class problem is growing. Two new books — an academic study and a conservative polemic — emphasize the factors that prevent many people from less privileged backgrounds from working in news, suggesting that this may be a rare area of agreement for press critics across the political spectrum. A recent Wall Street Journal article about the high cost and low return of prestigious master’s degree programs in journalism launched countless Twitter threads decrying classism in hiring at top news outlets. A similar outcry occurred a couple of years earlier in response to a New York Times editor’s tweet listing which programs’ students made the best interns (elite universities dominated the list).

With journalism jobs increasingly concentrated in expensive coastal cities and salaries in the news industry remaining stubbornly low, the problem isn’t going to fix itself. So how can the profession become more open to aspiring journalists from low-income households, first-generation college graduates, and those with degrees from universities that aren’t near the top of the U.S. News rankings?

To start, paying interns and entry-level staffers a living wage would help, so that those who can’t rely on family members for financial support can pursue a career in news without falling deeper into debt. In addition, news outlets might consider actively recruiting journalists from socioeconomic backgrounds that differ from most of their staff.

The key step, however, is simply acknowledging journalism’s class problem. Those responsible for hiring decisions at news organizations should be aware that some socioeconomic groups are underrepresented. And those responsible for coverage decisions should recognize that the newsroom’s collective wisdom on some issues may be skewed by the staff’s lack of socioeconomic diversity.

Greater awareness isn’t a solution, but it’s a start.

Matthew Pressman is an assistant professor of journalism at Seton Hall University.

It’s no secret that the demographics of America’s journalists don’t match those of the general population. To take two prominent examples, people with left-wing political views are overrepresented and people of color are underrepresented.

But while those issues have received lots of attention over the years, another has gone somewhat unnoticed: that of social class.

Journalists, especially at national news outlets, come disproportionately from well-off families, large metropolitan areas, and top-tier universities. This is a problem because people from such similar socioeconomic backgrounds often share the same cultural outlook and the same blind spots. Their prevalence at leading news organizations also fuels the perception that journalists are haughty elitists. (Full disclosure: As someone who grew up in an affluent suburb and graduated debt-free from an Ivy League college, I’m part of the problem.)

Awareness of journalism’s class problem is growing. Two new books — an academic study and a conservative polemic — emphasize the factors that prevent many people from less privileged backgrounds from working in news, suggesting that this may be a rare area of agreement for press critics across the political spectrum. A recent Wall Street Journal article about the high cost and low return of prestigious master’s degree programs in journalism launched countless Twitter threads decrying classism in hiring at top news outlets. A similar outcry occurred a couple of years earlier in response to a New York Times editor’s tweet listing which programs’ students made the best interns (elite universities dominated the list).

With journalism jobs increasingly concentrated in expensive coastal cities and salaries in the news industry remaining stubbornly low, the problem isn’t going to fix itself. So how can the profession become more open to aspiring journalists from low-income households, first-generation college graduates, and those with degrees from universities that aren’t near the top of the U.S. News rankings?

To start, paying interns and entry-level staffers a living wage would help, so that those who can’t rely on family members for financial support can pursue a career in news without falling deeper into debt. In addition, news outlets might consider actively recruiting journalists from socioeconomic backgrounds that differ from most of their staff.

The key step, however, is simply acknowledging journalism’s class problem. Those responsible for hiring decisions at news organizations should be aware that some socioeconomic groups are underrepresented. And those responsible for coverage decisions should recognize that the newsroom’s collective wisdom on some issues may be skewed by the staff’s lack of socioeconomic diversity.

Greater awareness isn’t a solution, but it’s a start.

Matthew Pressman is an assistant professor of journalism at Seton Hall University.

Eric Nuzum

Rasmus Kleis Nielsen

Anita Varma

Cherian George

Jessica Clark

Julia Munslow

Christoph Mergerson

Amy Schmitz Weiss

Mary Walter-Brown

Sam Guzik

Tony Baranowski

Stephen Fowler

Jesenia De Moya Correa

j. Siguru Wahutu

Joshua P. Darr

Chicas Poderosas

Joy Mayer

Michael W. Wagner

Sarah Stonbely

Tom Trewinnard

Ståle Grut

Julia Angwin

Stefanie Murray

Jesse Holcomb

Anika Anand

Raney Aronson-Rath

Rachel Glickhouse

Christina Shih

Daniel Eilemberg

Gabe Schneider

David Skok

Brian Moritz

Robert Hernandez

Matt Karolian

Francesco Zaffarano

Cristina Tardáguila

Doris Truong

Laxmi Parthasarathy

Matt DeRienzo

Jennifer Coogan

Izabella Kaminska

David Cohn

Victor Pickard

Gonzalo del Peon

Mike Rispoli

John Davidow

Alice Antheaume

Shalabh Upadhyay

Joanne McNeil

James Green

Natalia Viana

Candace Amos

Kendra Pierre-Louis

Richard Tofel

Parker Molloy

Paul Cheung

Errin Haines

Kerri Hoffman

Larry Ryckman

Whitney Phillips

Megan McCarthy

Jonas Kaiser

Joe Amditis

Jennifer Brandel

Juleyka Lantigua

Simon Allison

Kristen Jeffers

Kathleen Searles & Rebekah Trumble

Wilson Liévano

Nikki Usher

Mandy Jenkins

Gordon Crovitz

Cindy Royal

Anthony Nadler

Amara Aguilar

A.J. Bauer

Zizi Papacharissi

Catalina Albeanu

Burt Herman

AX Mina

Simon Galperin

Millie Tran

Jody Brannon

Sarah Marshall

Andrew Freedman

S. Mitra Kalita

Shannon McGregor & Carolyn Schmitt

Joni Deutsch

Ariel Zirulnick

Moreno Cruz Osório

Tamar Charney

Mario García

Chase Davis

Melody Kramer

Janelle Salanga

Don Day

Meena Thiruvengadam

Kristen Muller

Jim Friedlich

Matthew Pressman