2
0
1
9

We consider who’s behind the camera

“Representation in photojournalism is critical, because those who control our news imagery control our collective visual narrative.”

Conversations around diversity have hit nearly every corner of our newsrooms — from leadership to editorial staff, from who covers the White House to who gets called on as a source.

But there’s one vital corner of journalism where the conversation is just starting to gain traction: photojournalism.

Visual journalists are often the first to get cut when news organizations downsize, but they’ve been the last to be scrutinized in the growing debate over how media outlets represent the U.S. and the world.

Here are a few numbers to show how abysmal the representation of women and people of color in photojournalism really is (I previously reported these numbers here):

  • 86 percent of AP’s photo staff around the world are men.
  • 80 percent of AP’s U.S. photo staff is white.
  • 80 percent of Reuters Images’ photo staff is white.
  • Getty Images, another leading photo agency, will not share their diversity numbers, so we have no way of knowing how well (or poorly) their staff represents the diversity of the populations they cover.
  • Over the past 60 years, only 8 women have won a Pulitzer Prize for feature photography. Only 6 have won for breaking news photography.
  • Between 1999 and 2015, the number of women photojournalists in U.S. newsrooms went from 1,536 to 783, according to ASNE.
  • In 2018, 85 percent of entrants for the World Press Photo Awards, photojournalism’s biggest international honors, were men.

These numbers are damning for an industry responsible for visually representing the world and its most vulnerable people. Images are no more inherently objective than words are. Each photograph is the result of many, many, many decisions large and small — who assigns the story, how the story is framed, who is assigned to photograph the story, what that photographer chooses to see, what the editor decides to publish, and how the story is promoted.

As we have critical conversations around diversity and representation among writers and story editors, my hope for 2019 is that we take an equally critical eye to who is making visual decisions — from the photographers behind the camera to the picture editors who assign and shape stories to the engagement teams who promote them on social media. Representation in photojournalism is critical, because those who control our news imagery control our collective visual narrative.

Kainaz Amaria is the visuals editor for Vox.

Raney Aronson-Rath   We learn “digital” doesn’t have to mean “short”

Becca Aaronson   From bridge roles to product thinkers

Carl Bialik   Fatigued news consumers will pay more for less news

Elisabeth Goodridge   Yes, they signed up — but our job’s not over

Julie Posetti   The year of the fight back

Pablo Boczkowski   Reimagining the media for post-institutional times

Frank Mungeam   Tonight at 11: News, sports, and climate change

Salem Solomon   Correcting our corrections

Elizabeth Jensen   Going where the Acela can’t take you

Zizi Papacharissi   Old interface, say hello to the new interface

Sarah Alvarez   Simplify and redistribute

Seema Yasmin   We will create our own spaces

Cory Bergman   Journalism as a technology service

Brian Moritz   The subscription-pocalypse is about to hit

Rodney Gibbs   A bright — and young — year for audio

Ole Reißmann   The rise of vertical storytelling

Frank Chimero   Leave the phone at home and put news on your wrist

Cherian George   Fake news wins in Asia

Celeste LeCompte   Local news needs local conversation to survive

Mike Caulfield   Ditch the media literacy cynicism and get to work

Annie Rudd   A more intimate aesthetic of politics — on Insta

Carrie Brown-Smith   Advocating a healthy civic life is no journalistic crime

Jonathan Gill   Publishers build a common tech platform together

Dan Shanoff   Bet on sports gambling

Nicholas Jackson   More transparency around newsroom decisions

Jim Friedlich   Meet Citizen Kane 2.0

Ernst-Jan Pfauth   Readers are only getting started

Jared Newman   AI-generated fakes launch a software arms race

Efrat Nechushtai   Journalism wants to be your friend, not your teacher

Glyn Mottershead and Martin Chorley   When a tech company pulls the plug on your story

Nathalie Malinarich   Video — yes, video

Rick Berke   The year of loyalty

Hossein Derakhshan   The news is dying, but journalism will not — and should not

Nico Gendron   Reaching Generation Z beyond the coasts

Eric Ulken   The year you actually start to like your CMS

Soo Oh   Just showing our work isn’t enough

Jennifer Dargan   You don’t build diversity through one-off training sessions

Kawandeep Virdee   Media wants to take care of you

Alexandra Svokos   Good luck convincing us millennials to pay

Gabriel Snyder   Journalism doesn’t fit well in a funnel

Jesse Brown   Canada’s subsidy for news backfires

Millie Tran   There is no magic — you’ve got this

Tim Carmody   Unlocking the commons

Renan Borelli   Developing loyalty means developing your talent

Jean Friedman Rudovsky   Cross-newsroom collaborations strengthen communities

M. Scott Havens   Time to swing for the fences

Tamar Charney   Seriously: What do you do for people?

Umbreen Bhatti   The story doesn’t end for the people we quote

Johannes Klingebiel   We all grow hooves

Axie Navas   The traffic hunt, CMS battle, and magazine identity crises loom

LaToya Drake   Listen up: New stories, new storytellers

Jesse Holcomb   We’ll get better at making the case for local journalism

Darryl Holliday   Let’s talk about power (yours)

Chase Davis   We can acknowledge what we don’t know

Knight Foundation   A year of local collaboration

Mandy Jenkins   Fight the urge to run away from social media

Adam B. Ellick   Video forensic reporting goes mainstream — and local

Matt Karolian   Publishers come to terms with being Facebook’s enablers

Nikki Usher   Three ways national media will further undermine trust

Heather Chaplin   Agree we’re partisan — for the democratic system

Mike Rispoli and Craig Aaron   Government funds local news — and that’s a good thing

Robin Kwong   Tech shouldn’t be the only field pollinating “news nerds”

Shalabh Upadhyay   A culture clash on India’s growing Internet

Candis Callison   Learn from Indigenous journalists on covering climate change

Julia Rubin   Meeting people where they are

Errin Haines   Say it with me: Racism

Renée Kaplan   Our future could lie within our own organizations

Kristen Muller   Local news fails — in a good way

Geetika Rudra   The year of actionable (local) journalism

Matthew Pressman   The battle over objectivity intensifies

P. Kim Bui   The misfits become the bosses

Angilee Shah   The year news orgs say “yes” to real leaders

Steve Grove   A reckoning for tech’s work with news

Lauren Katz   Community becomes a core newsroom value

Joel Konopo   Influencers become the new liberated power in Africa

Matt Waite   “I went to Node.js because I wished to live deliberately”

Kyra Darnton   A shift to depth in video

Colleen Shalby   Representation becomes more than a talking point

Alberto Cairo   A year of uncertainty and confidence

Eric Nuzum   The year of the DIY podcast network

Sue Cross   Return of the water cooler

Peter Bale   Venture capital runs out of patience

Charo Henríquez   Pivot to journalism

A.J. Bauer   The coming splintering of conservative media

Jack Riley   Facebook refugees, from ad revenue to news habits

Juleyka Lantigua-Williams   Podcasting battles East Coast bias

james Wahutu   Think 2018 was bad? Wait until you see 2019

Carolina Guerrero   Spanish-language audio blows up

Jake Shapiro   Podcasting is media’s slow food movement

Rebecca Lee Sanchez   We are all actors in the running rampant of political theater

Manoush Zomorodi   Tech will do for information overload what it did for mindfulness

Talia Stroud   Engaging people across lines of difference

Zainab Khan   Publishers whose products can stand up to social media giants will win

Dheerja Kaur   A focus on problems, not platforms

Whitney Phillips   Our information systems aren’t broken — they’re working as intended

Adam Smith   Platforms will have to help rebuild trust in news

Masuma Ahuja   Make foreign coverage less foreign

Joshua Darr   The nationalization of political news will accelerate

Francesco Zaffarano   Towards a rethinking of journalism on social media

Sarah Stonbely   Mapping the local news ecosystem — with scale but detail

Bill Grueskin   Toward a symphony model for local news

Emma Carew Grovum   The year of the loyal reader

Linda Solomon Wood   The year of the climate reporter

Alexandra Borchardt   Newsrooms need to build trust with their journalists, not just the audience

Tyler Fisher   This is journalism’s do-or-die moment

Pia Frey   You can’t solve a crisis without treating it as a crisis

Shannon McGregor   More bogus embedded tweets in our stories

Mike Isaac   The old exit doors for digital media companies are closing

Callie Schweitzer   The rise of the conveners

Reyhan Harmanci   Selling more stories to Hollywood

Libby Bawcombe   Haikus of the news

Jonas Kaiser   Catching up with “Neuland”

Joe Amditis   Give the audience a seat at the table

An Xiao Mina   The death of consensus, not the death of truth

Andrew Ramsammy   The great re-pivot to audio

Rachel Glickhouse   Newsrooms will prioritize audience needs

Hearken   Pivot to people

Winny de Jong   Data journalism goes undercover

Simon Galperin   After capitalism’s fire, journalism’s secondary succession

Jenée Desmond-Harris   It finally sinks in that some people aren’t white

Elizabeth Bramson-Boudreau   A more sincere definition of “community”

Ernie Smith   The year we step back from the platform

Sarah Marshall   A return to destination journalism

Tshepo Tshabalala   Ahead of African elections, unlock partnerships with fact-checkers

Thomas Hanitzsch   The rise of tribal journalism

Mat Yurow   Content competition from the tech companies

Kelsey Proud   Journalism becomes the escape

Simon Rogers   Data journalism becomes a global field

Kjerstin Thorson   Time to get mad about information inequality (again)

Taylor Lorenz   Personal branding is more powerful than ever

Meredith Artley   Huge demand for…anything but politics

Cindy Royal   For journalism curriculum to change, its faculty needs disruption

John Biewen   Podcasts keep getting better

Kevin D. Grant   A year to embrace journalism as public service

Logan Molyneux   Seeing social media for what it is

Claire Wardle   Forget deepfakes: Misinformation is showing up in our most personal online spaces

Moreno Cruz Osório   Damaged credibility and a new threat in Brazil

Rishad Patel   A design system for responsible publishing

Justin Kosslyn   Text hits a tipping point

Ståle Grut   A new dawn for 3D tech in journalism

Steve Henn   Smart speakers get smarter

Michael Grant   More newsrooms experiment their way to success

Heba Aly   The rise of international nonprofit news

Catalina Albeanu   Being responsible for what we don’t know

Alexis Lloyd & Matt Boggie   The year product leads media

Ben Werdmuller   The platform tide is turning

Rachel Davis Mersey   Local news goes minimalist

Dave Burdick   Seeing our blind spots

Rubina Madan Fillion   Fighting the reality of deepfakes

Elizabeth Dunbar   Local reporters reflect on what’s not important

Elva Ramirez   News — but make it cinematic

John Saroff   The pivot to reader revenue’s unintended consequences

Adam Thomas   In Europe, foundations invest in news

Rebecca Searles   From silos to Swiss Army knife teams

Craig Newmark   The end of “loudspeakers for liars”

Marie Shanahan   Newsrooms take the comments sections back from platforms

Sue Robinson   Reporters go on the offensive

Jeremy Gilbert   AI finally becomes helpful

Laura E. Davis   More access, but not that kind

Don Day   Timewalls and other reader revenue experiments

Ariel Zirulnick   Participation gets professional

Matt Skibinski   Quality and reliability are the new currencies for publishers

Borja Bergareche Sainz de los Terreros   Entering a more balanced era

Mariana Moura Santos   From pageviews to impact

Jonathan Stray   More algorithmic accountability reporting, and a lot of it will be meh

Mario García   The rise of content “pilots”

Betsy O'Donovan and Melody Kramer   The most beautiful sentence in 2019 is “No.”

Andrea Faye Hart   Doing less harm, not just more good

Joanne McNeil   Building a digital hospice

Stefanie Murray   Local news wakes up and starts collaborating

Victor Pickard   We will finally confront systemic market failure

Almar Latour   Reported facts, weaponized in service of action

Alyssa Zeisler   We expand what (and how and who) we serve

Francesco Marconi   The year of iterative journalism

Andrew Donohue   Voting rights becomes the new climate change

Mandy Velez   Putting the social back in social media

Peter Cunliffe-Jones   The focus of misinformation debates shifts south

Seth C. Lewis   The gap between journalism and research is too wide

Stephanie Edgerly   It’s time to understand the un-audience

Ruth Palmer and Benjamin Toff   From news fatigue to news avoidance

Greg Emerson   Power to the user

Jeff Chin   We detox from Chartbeat

Amy Schmitz Weiss   Local news isn’t where you thought it was

Amy King   We should listen to the kids (especially on Instagram)

Steve Myers   From trying to cover it all to covering what matters

Angèle Christin   Algorithms and the reflexive turn

Michael Rain   The year of the culturally relevant curator

Josh Schwartz   A pullback from platforms and a focus on product

Monique Judge   Committing to the truth, calling out lies

Kate Myers   Journalism continues to be bad for democracy

Nisha Chittal   The homepage makes a comeback

Zuzanna Ziomecka   News leadership gets an overdue upgrade

Robert Hernandez   Racists and sexists get replaced

Rasmus Kleis Nielsen   A long, slow slog, with no one coming to the rescue

Christa Scharfenberg and Vickie Baranetsky   The year of the lawsuit

Bill Adair   Another year fighting Trump’s falsehoods

Cristi Hegranes   A year to invest in the security of local journalists

Patrick Butler   Measuring impact will increase audience trust

Elite Truong   What do we owe the next generation?

Ben Smith   The pendulum starts to swing back

Gideon Lichfield   Goodbye attention economy, we’ll miss you

John Garrett   You can’t raise prices forever

Tushar Banerjee   Interactive ads will be the new face of display advertising

Kainaz Amaria   We consider who’s behind the camera

Heather Bryant   We are responsible for how we use our power